About Me

This is the blog about... me. More specifically it is about my thoughts on topics such as animal welfare, the human-animal bond, and behavioral psychology. I am Dr. Emily Patterson-Kane an animal welfare scientist currently employed by the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Emily G. Patterson-Kane, Ph.D.

Animal Welfare Scientist
Animal Welfare Division
American Veterinary Medical Association
1931 N Meacham Rd, Ste 100
Schaumburg, IL 60173, USA
emilypattersonkane at gmail.com

Researcherid: M-1560-2015
ORCiD: 0000-0002-9482-5737
Scopus Author ID: 6602807975 

EMAIL: emilypattersonkane@gmail.com, ekane@avma.org
FAX:  +1 (847) 925 1329
Animal Welfare Division
American Veterinary Medical Association
1931 N Meacham Rd, Suite 100
Schaumburg, IL 60173-4360

Animal Welfare Scientist
American Veterinary Medical Association
Responsibilities: Provide expert science-based advice on the subjects of responsible pet keeping and laboratory animal welfare. Staff support to the Committee on Human-Animal Interactions and associated activities. Review of scientific information and generation of educational materials and other advocacy for AVMA policies.  Scientific liaison, briefing media, handling members’ inquiries and other duties as assigned.
Immediate superior: Dr. Cia Johnson

Postdoctoral Researcher
Animal Science
Purdue University, IN

Responsibilities: Sole charge and implementation of a research project using operant responding as a measure of hunger in gestating sows.  The teaching of one undergraduate and one graduate course in the area of animal behavior and welfare. 
Immediate superior: Dr Ed Pajor
Research Scientist
Sustainable Livestock Systems
Scottish Agricultural College, Edinburgh

Responsibilities: Sole charge and coordination of a collaborative project between the Scottish Agricultural College, Roslin Institute and Silsoe Institute.  Investigating relations between human judgments of an animal’s emotional state, quantitative animal behavior and physiology (as measured by in-dwelling radio telemetry) in swine.  Teaching at the University of Edinburgh as required including supervision of masters research projects.
Immediate superior: Dr Francoise Wemelsfelder

Postdoctoral Research Fellow
Animal Welfare Program
University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC
Isaac Killam Postdoctoral Fellowship

Responsibilities: Self-directed research investigating cage and contents design for rats in the laboratory with an emphasis on exploring novel methods for assessing preference.  The teaching of graduate courses in behavioral psychology and supervision of student projects.
Immediate superiors: Professors David Fraser and Dan Weary
Temporary Assistant Professor
Department of Psychology
Bradley University, IL

Responsibilities: Full responsibility for teaching six psychology courses.  Courses included teaching behavioral psychology through training of rats, and an intensive combined statistics and methods course for students.
Immediate superior: Dr. Richard Stalling

Temporary Assistant Lecturer
School of Psychology
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

Responsibilities: Administration and partial lecturing for ‘Cognitive and Behavioural Psychology’.
Immediate superior: Dr. Maree Hunt
(also: teaching assistant for Dr. Hunt, 1998)


Victoria University of Wellington
Doctor of Philosophy
Major: Psychology
William Georgetti Scholarship
Victoria University of Wellington Post-Graduate Scholarship
Royal Society of New Zealand Science and Technology Award
Thesis: Assessing and enriching the cage environment of laboratory rats

University of Waikato, Hamilton
Bachelor of Social Science
Major : Biology and Psychology
Masters of Social Science first class honors
Major : Biology and Psychology
Honours and Masters Award 1993
Senior Scholarship 1993
Masters Thesis: The ability of hens to recognise video images as the objects they represent


  • Mellor, D., Patterson-Kane, E. G & Stafford, K. J. (2009). The Sciences of Animal Welfare.  Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Baumans, V., Coke, C., Green, J., Moreau, E., Morton, D., Patterson-Kane, E. Reinhardt, A., Reinhardt, V. & Van Loo, P. [ed.s] (2007).  Making Life Easier for Animals in Research Labs. Animal Welfare Institute.

  • Patterson-Kane, E. G. (2017). Canine Tail Docking. Independent Report Prepared for the Ministry for Primary Industries ISBN No: 978-1-77665-633-2 (online) July 2017
  • American Veterinary Medical Association. (2013). AVMA guidelines for the euthanasia of animals: 2013 edition.
  • Arkow, P., Boyden, P., & Patterson-Kane, E. (2011). Practical guidance for the effective response by veterinarians to suspected animal cruelty, abuse, and neglect. American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg.

  • Patterson-Kane, E., & Johnson, C. (2017). A risk and asset for animal-based agriculture. The Business of Farm Animal Welfare. Amos, N., & Sullivan, R. (Eds.) Routledge.
  • Lord, L. K., Millman, S. T., Carbone, L., Cook, N., Fisher, A., McKeegan, D., ... & Siegford, J. (2017). A model curriculum for the study of animal welfare in colleges and schools of veterinary medicine. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 250(6), 632-640.
  • Knesl, O., Hart, B. L., Fine, A. H., Cooper, L., Patterson-Kane, E., Houlihan, K. E., & Anthony, R. (2017). Veterinarians and Humane Endings: when is it the right time to euthanize a companion animal? Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 4.
  • Emily Patterson-Kane: Trying to Make Regulation Something More Than Just a Burden Excellence Beyond Compliance: Enhancing Animal Welfare Through the Constructive Use of the Animal Welfare Act, edited by James F. Gesualdi. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 10/2015; 19(1). DOI:10.1080/10888705.2015.1075886
  • Trembath, F., & Patterson-Kane, E. G. The Effect of Human-Animal Interaction on Human Cardiovascular Health. HABRI Central Brief: https://habricentral.org/resources/51271/download/CardioBrief20150728.pdf
  • Emily Patterson-Kane: The state of animal ethics. Lab Animal 05/2013; 42(6). DOI:10.1038/laban.285
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. & Golab, G. (2013) Chapter 1 – History, Philosophies, and Concepts of Animal Welfare. Laboratory Animal Welfare: A volume in American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine. Academic Press.
  • Elmore, M.R.P.,  Garner, J.P., Johnson, A.P., Kirkden, R.D., Patterson-Kane, E.G. Richert, B.T., Pajor, E.A. (2012). Differing results for motivation tests and measures of resource use: The value of environmental enrichment to gestating sows housed in stalls. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 141, 9-19
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. & Piper, H. (2012) Animal Abuse and Cruelty. In The Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Perspectives on Violence, Homicide, and War. Oxford University Press.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2012) The Causes of Violence towards Animals: A Review In Handbook on the Psychology of Violence, Hugh R. Cunningham and Wade F. Berry [eds], Nova Publishing: Hauppauge, New York.
  • Patterson-Kane, E., Kirkden R. & Pajor, E. (2011). Measuring Motivation in Swine: The Food-Metric Scale. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 3, 175-186.
  • Macri, A. & Patterson-Kane, E. (2011). Behavioural analysis of solitary versus socially housed snow leopards (Panthera uncia), with the provision of simulated social contact. Applied Animal Behavior Science. 130, 115-123.
  • Johnson, C.L., Patterson-Kane, E., Lamison, A. & Noyes, H.L. (2011). Elements of and factors important in veterinary hospice. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 238148-150.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. (2010). Thinking outside our cages. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 13, 96-99.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G. & Piper, H. (2009). Animal abuse as a sentinel for human violence: a critique. The Journal of Social Issues. 65, 589-614.
  • Patterson-Kane, E., Pittman, M. & Pajor, E. (2008). Operant animal welfare: productive approaches and persistent difficulties. Animal Welfare. 17, 139-148.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G. & Farnworth, M. (2006). Noise exposure, music and animals in the laboratory: a commentary based on laboratory animal refinement and enrichment forum (LAREF) discussions—invited commentary. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 9, 327-332.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G. (2007). Cattle mutilation. Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships. Westport: Greenwood Press.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G. (2007). Animals and music. Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships. Westport: Greenwood Press.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G. (2007). Human-animal bonds in the laboratory. Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships. Westport: Greenwood Press.
  • Johnson, S.R., Patterson-Kane, E.G., Niel, L. (2004). Foraging enrichment for laboratory rats. Animal Welfare 13, 305-312
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G., Hunt, M., Harper, D. (2004). Rat's demand for group size. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 7, 267-272
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2004). Enrichment for laboratory caging for rats: a review. Animal Welfare. 13 (Suppl S), S209 – 214.
  • Nelson, K., Patterson-Kane, E.G. & Love J. (2003) Using animal preference to develop enriched caging for rats. Animal Technology and Welfare. 2, 85-88.
  • Olsson, I.A.S., Nevison, C.M., Patterson-Kane, E.G., Sherwin, C.M., van de Weerd, H.A. & Wurbel, H. (2003). Understanding behaviour: the relevance of ethological approaches in laboratory animal science. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 81, 245-264.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2003) Shelter enrichment for rats. Contemporary Topics. 42/2, 40-42.
  • Ras, T., van de Ven, M., Patterson-Kane, E.G. & Nelson, K. (2002) Rats Preferences for Corn Based Bedding and Nesting Materials. Laboratory Animals, 36, 1-6.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G. (2002). Cage size preferences of laboratory rats. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 5, 63-72.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G., Hunt, M., Harper, D. (2002). Rats demand social contact. Animal Welfare. 11, 327-332
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G. (2001). Environmental enrichment for laboratory rats: a review. Animal Technology. 52, 77-84.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G., Harper, & D. Hunt, M. (2001). The cage preference of laboratory rats. Laboratory Animals. 35, 74-79.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G., Harper, & D. Hunt, M. (1999). Assessing and enriching the cage environment of laboratory rats. ANZCCART Humane Science News 12(1), 7.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G., Hunt, M. & Harper, D. (1999). Behavioural indexes of poor welfare in laboratory rats. The Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science, 2(2). 97-110.
  • Patterson-Kane E. G. (1999). Demanding an Enriched Environment. The Shape of Enrichment. 3.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G., Nicol, C. J., Foster, T. M. & Temple, W. (1997). Limited perception of video images by domestic hens. Animal Behaviour. 53, 951-964.

Contributor to the Welfare Pulse and the Enrichment Record (individual articles not listed)
Online content appearing on Dogster, Red Cat Media, Huffington Post, and XO Jane.
  • Panel Member for the discussions published as: (2004). Stereotypical Behavior: A LAREF Discussion. Laboratory Primate Newsletter, 43/4.
  • Reinhart, V. (2003). Personnel/Animal Relationships: Affectionate or Neutral? A Discussion. The Laboratory Primate Newsletter, 42/1, 14Patterson-Kane, E. G.,
  • Harris M. & Patterson-Kane E. (2003). Can we and should we attempt to integrate welfare indices? [Editorial Material] Animal Welfare, 12, 710-711.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. & Thompson, K. (2002). Eine kleine ratmusik: a twist in the tale of the Mozart effect. The Rat and Mouse Fancy Report. 2, 9-10.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G. (2002). Rats in research. Animal Welfare Institute Quarterly. 51, 9.
  • Hunt, M. & Harper, D. (1997). Just a rat in a gilded cage. New Zealand Science Monthly. 9, 10-11.

  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2001) Priorities for the environmental enrichment of laboratory rats. Proceedings of the 35th International Congress of the ISAE, University of California, Davis, August 4-9, 2002. p. 82. (Abstract)
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G., van de Ven, M., Ras, T. (2001). Enrichment of laboratory rat caging. 52nd AALAS National Meeting, October 21-25, 2001, Baltimore, Official Program , p. 106 (Abstract). Also published in Contemporary Topics in Laboratory Animal Science, 40(4), 94-95, 2001.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (1998). Themes Arising from Enrichment Research with Laboratory Rats. 5th Environmental Enrichment Conference. (Paper)
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G., (1998). Cage preference in rats. The 5th National Postgraduate Conference, the role of postgraduate research in the 21st century: the critic and conscience of society? 4-6th December, Victoria University of Wellington. (Abstract)

  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2016). Rat Welfare. ASLAP Symposium, Charlotte, NC. – upcoming November 1st 2016.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2012). Beyond environmental enrichment--providing good environments      for experimental animals. Bioconference Live, February 12.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2011).  Sensitivity of animals and application of the Three Rs (presented by Marylin Brown) 8th World Congress on Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Sciences. August 22.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2011).  Animal Abuse and Cruelty: An Evolutionary Perspective. The annual meeting of the International Society for Applied Ethology, July 31 - August 4
  •  Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2011). Horizons of Enrichment: the History, Accomplishments and Aspirations of Environmental Enrichment. Third Annual MSMR Enrichment Symposium "All Creatures Great and Small ...Animal Enrichment in a Laboratory Environment", April 14
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. January 20th, 2011: Animal Law Committee of the Chicago Bar Association--Animal Abuse, Mandatory Reporting and the Veterinarian.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. October 16th, 2010:  KVMA Fall Conference--Animal Welfare, Animal Rights, and the Role of the Veterinary Profession.
  • Patterson-Kane, E. G, & Panepinto, L. (2006). Environmental Enrichment: Swine (break out session). The Humane Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Research, The Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, The Federation of Animal Science Societies Two-Day Conference, May 22-23, 2006, in St. Louis, MO.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2004). Implementing Enrichment .  Laboratory Animal Welfare. Scottish Centre for Animal Welfare Science meeting, 4th May 2004.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2002). Laboratory rat enrichment: preference and demand data. CALAS*ACSAL, the Ethical Imperative, the Science of Refinement, West Edmonton Mall, Fantasyland Hotel, Edmonton, Alberta, June 22 to 25, 2002. p.25. (Abstract)
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2001). The Case of Laboratory Rat Housing - Historical Trends and the Role of Research in Cage Design. UNBC NRES Research Colloquium, January 26th, 2001.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. & Neil, L. (2000). The Animal Welfare Program. Animal Care Technicians Committee on Animal Care Forum, Thursday, November 30, 2000.
  • Patterson-Kane, E.G. (2000). Prince George SPCA AGM Keynote Speaker  

I am an associate editor for Frontiers in Veterinary Science: Animal Behavior and Welfare and Frontiers in Veterinary Humanities and Social Sciences. Former editor for the Environmental Enrichment Record, and member of the review board for the Journal for Critical Animal Studies.
 I have acted as a reviewer of manuscripts for the following journals: Animal Welfare, Animal Behavior, BMC Veterinary Research, Current Directions in Psychological ScienceJoVELaboratory Animals, Journal of the American Association for Laborato. Fry Animal Science, Lab Animal, Social Problems, Psychology Crime and the Law, Sociological Quarterly, the Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research, The Veterinary Record and Zoo Biology



Learning and Motivation (undergraduate level course) -- Psychology Department, Aurora University
Animal Welfare (senior undergraduate level course)
Animal Behavior and Welfare (graduate level course) co-taught with Dr. Joseph Garner
Animal Science, Purdue University

Laboratory Animal Welfare (graduate level unit) -- Animal Welfare Masters programme, University of Edinburgh
Operant animal welfare research (graduate special topic)


Learning (graduate course)--Animal Welfare Program, University of British Columbia

Statistics, Quantitative Methods, Applied Behavior Analysis, Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Directed Studies, Introductory Psychology-- Psychology Department, Bradley University, Illinois

Cognitive and Behavioral Psychology (administration of course, teaching of the behavioral component) --Department of Psychology, Victoria University of Wellington 
Roger D Thomason – Masters research project (Bergin University of Canine Studies)
“LT-1 Dog travel crate”
Victoria Cussen – Masters research project (University of Edinburgh)
“The effect of food-related toys on the behaviours of pet domestic dogs (canis familiaris)”
Alain Macri – Masters research project (University of Edinburgh)
“Behavioural analysis of solitary versus socially housed snow leopards (Uncia uncia), with provision of simulated social contact.”
Hasel Fyfe (second supervisor) -- Masters research project (University of Edinburgh)
“Phenotyping juvenile mice”
Shylo Johnson – Masters research project, published in Animal Welfare & Animal Welfare and Technology (University of British Columbia)
“Foraging Enrichment for rats in the laboratory.”
Kymberlee Nelson -- undergraduate project, published in Contemporary Topics (University of British Columbia)
“Using Enriched housing for rats: a comparison of results using different testing methods.”
Marieke ven de Ven and Thirsa Ras -- undergraduate project, published in Laboratory Animals (University of British Columbia)
“Rat preferences for comfort materials.”
Sandra Rose -- undergraduate project (University of British Columbia)
“The effectiveness of commercially available enrichment items for rats in the laboratory.”
Kai Ng (second supervisor) -- undergraduate project (University of British Columbia)
“The effects of essential fatty acids on piglet behaviour.”